Changes of drivers’ visual performances when approaching a signalized intersection under different collision avoidance warning conditions

Intersections have been recognized as hazard locations with lots of visual information that drivers need to process. Although the collision avoidance systems (CASs) have been proved to effectively reduce the crash rate and much research on the effectiveness of CASs has been conducted with regard to the driving behaviors, drivers’ visual performances under the effects of different collision avoidance warning conditions that were closely related to the effectiveness of CAS have been neglected. In this study, a driving simulator experiment was conducted to evaluate the relationships among drivers’ visual performances, drivers’ different warning conditions (warning timings × warning content) and driver’s gender when they crossed the intersections involved with red-light running (RLR) vehicles. The experimental results showed that warning timings had significant effects on the detection stage and reaction stage. Specifically, drivers could detect the conflicting RLR vehicle most quickly in the warning timings of 4.5 s ahead of a collision. When the warning was released earlier than 5.0 s ahead of a collision, driver tended to take brake action earlier than paying a fixation on a conflicting RLR vehicle. Warning content only had significant effects on drivers’ detection stage. Compared to the non-directional warning, the specific directional information could shorten the time spent in detecting the conflicting RLR vehicle. Besides, directional information could increase drivers’ average blink duration during the process of collision avoidance. Additionally, the results showed that female drivers were more likely to be involved with RLR collisions, and male drivers could detect the conflicting RLR vehicle more quickly than female drivers. Also, it had been found that later warning timings tended to increase female drivers’ blink rate, and non-directional warning tended to increase female drivers’ blink rate. These findings could direct warning condition design to improve the effectiveness of collision avoidance systems.


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  • Accession Number: 01710636
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 19 2019 3:06PM