Parallel Architecture of Convolutional Bi-Directional LSTM Neural Networks for Network-Wide Metro Ridership Prediction

Accurate metro ridership prediction can guide passengers in efficiently selecting their departure time and transferring from station to station. An increasing number of deep learning algorithms are being utilized to forecast metro ridership due to the development of computational intelligence. However, limited efforts have been exerted to consider spatiotemporal features, which are important in forecasting ridership through deep learning methods, in large-scale metro networks. To fill this gap, this paper proposes a parallel architecture comprising convolutional neural network (CNN) and bi-directional long short-term memory network (BLSTM) to extract spatial and temporal features, respectively. Metro ridership data are transformed into ridership images and time series. Spatial features can be learned from ridership image data by using CNN, which demonstrates favorable performance in video detection. Time series data are input into the BLSTM which considers the historical and future impacts of ridership in temporal feature extraction. The two networks are concatenated in parallel and prevented from interfering with each other. Joint spatiotemporal features are fed into a fully connected network for metro ridership prediction. The Beijing metro network is used to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm. The proposed model outperforms traditional statistical models, deep learning architectures, and sequential structures, and is suitable for ridership prediction in large-scale metro networks. Metro authorities can thus effectively allocate limited resources to overcrowded areas for service improvement.


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  • Accession Number: 01709824
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 13 2019 2:53PM