How Do Organizational Practices Relate to Perceived System Safety Effectiveness? Perceptions of Safety Climate and Co-Worker Commitment to Safety as Workplace Safety Signals

Integrating safety climate research with signaling theory, the authors propose that individual perceptions of safety climate signal the importance of safety in the organization. Specifically, the authors expect that three work-related organizational practices (training effectiveness, procedure effectiveness, and work pressure) relate to the broader risk control system in the workplace via individual perceptions of safety climate as a broad management signal. Further, the authors expect this broad management signal interacts with a local environmental signal (co-worker commitment to safety) to amplify or diminish perceived system safety effectiveness. In a field study of oil and gas workers (N = 219; Study 1), the authors used mediation modeling to determine the relationships between work-related organizational practices, perceived safety climate, and perceived safety system effectiveness. In a field study of railway construction workers (N = 131; Study 2), the authors used moderated mediation modeling to explore the conditional role of co-worker commitment to safety. The authors found that training effectiveness, procedure effectiveness, and work pressure predicted perceived system safety effectiveness indirectly via perceived safety climate (Studies 1 and 2) and that these indirect paths are influenced by co-worker commitment to safety (Study 2). Findings suggest that perceived safety climate is driven in part by work practices, and that perceived safety climate (from managers) and co-worker commitment to safety (from the local environment) interact to shape workplace safety system effectiveness. The insight that training, procedures, and work pressure are meaningful predictors of perceived safety climate as a signal suggests that organizations should be cognizant of the quality of work-related practices for safety. The insight the authors offer on the competing versus complimentary nature of managerial safety signals (perceived safety climate) and co-worker safety signals (co-worker commitment to safety) could also be used by safety personnel to develop safety interventions directed in both areas.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01711677
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 12 2019 3:05PM