The current road accident situation in Australia is examined in relation to other comparable countries. Considering both causal factors in accidents and their severity, it is argued that road and traffic factors contribute to about 20 per cent of road accident costs. Relationships between various design standards and safety are discussed and the likely contribution to safety from high standard facilities is compared with low cost site improvements using a case study approach. It is shown that reapportioning resources to low cost site improvement projects from other road programs can have a significant effect on safety, while other objectives are affected minimally. While noting that substantial safety benefits can be achieved, improving roads by applying high design standards is considered to be a less cost- effective means of contributing to road safety, although such standards may well satisfy other warranted objectives. (TRRL)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Workshop on the Economics of Road Design Standards, Canberra 18-20 May, 1980.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Bureau of Transport Economics, Australia

    Allara Street
    Canberra City, A.C.T. 2601,   Australia 
  • Authors:
    • Murray, D P
    • Carter, A J
  • Publication Date: 1980-5

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 24 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00329579
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 21 1981 12:00AM