PATRONAGE IMPACTS OF CHANGES IN TRANSIT FARES AND SERVICES

The report presents information on public transit fare and service elasticities of demand. Data were obtained from a comprehensive review of studies performed in the United States and other countries, especially the United Kingdom. Estimates of individual fare and service elasticities were obtained from analyses of individual fare and service changes, and from direct-demand and mode-choice models based on time-series and cross-sectional data. This report confirms the fact that transit demand is inelastic with respect to fares and services; that is, the proportional change in transit patronage in response to fare and service variations is less than the proportional change in fares and services. More importantly, the data presented in this report reveal that there is a large degree of consistency in the aggregate system-wide demand elasticities. Although there is variation in the disaggregate elasticity values, this variation is reduced and remarkable stability emerges when the analysis focuses on individual disaggregate categories. This underlying consistency, which exists across many types of cities and even countries, suggests that significant shifts in patronage could result without a deterioration in revenues from manipulations in fare and service levels.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Ecosometrics, Incorporated

    4715 Cordell Avenue
    Bethesda, MD  United States  20814

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Mayworm, P D
    • Lago, A M
    • McEnroe, J M
  • Publication Date: 1980-9-3

Media Info

  • Pagination: 246 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00329147
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: RR-135-1 Final Rpt., UMTA-MD-06-0054-81-1
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-UT-90014
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 12 1982 12:00AM