Investigation on Improvement of Flexural Behavior of Low-Density Cellular Concrete through Fiber Reinforcement for Non-Structural Applications

During the last decades, cellular lightweight concrete (CLC), or foamed concrete, has been experiencing greater interest in geotechnical, structural, and non-structural applications. The low density and high flowability makes it a favorable construction material in relation to handling, placing, and construction costs. However, the applications of low-density cellular concrete (LDCC), the category of CLC with a unit weight less than 50?pounds per cubic foot (801?kg/m3) and generally without fine aggregates, are limited mostly to backfill applications in geotechnical engineering. The main reason lies in the brittleness of the material and low to zero resistance to flexural loads. Fiber-reinforced LDCC may be a reasonable solution to improve mechanical properties and expand the application range of the material. This study investigated the effects of adding polypropylene and hybrid fibers on physical and mechanical properties of LDCC and the feasibility of expanding LDCC utilization to non-structural applications. Results showed that although there is a slight reduction of flowability and compressive strength, the flexural behavior of LDCC can be significantly improved with the incorporation of fibers. The flexural strength and flexural toughness of LDCC was found to increase from 26.8?pounds per square inch (psi) (0.18?MPa) to 217.5?psi (1.48?MPa), and from 5.67?lb-in. (0.64?kN-mm) to 292?lb-in. (33.0?kN-mm) respectively at a 1.0% addition rate of a fibrillated polypropylene fiber selected in this study, which makes it a feasible material for non-structural applications.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • The Standing Committee on Basic Research and Emerging Technologies Related to Concrete (AFN10) peer-reviewed this paper (19-04867). © National Academy of Sciences: Transportation Research Board 2019.
  • Authors:
    • Abdigaliyev, Arman
    • Hu, Jiong
  • Publication Date: 2019-10

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01707667
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 4 2019 3:04PM