STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CHILD RESTRAINTS
The objective of the analysis is to determine the overall effectiveness of child restraints when used, rather than to evaluate FMVSS 213 in particular. This required an analysis of subsets of mass accident data involving 4 year old and younger child occupants of known injury level, seating position and restraint usage in passenger cars. Evaluations were based on 21,837 cases in New York (1974, 1977), 6,738 cases in New Jersey) and 3,766 cases in Idaho (1976-1978). Contingency table data were subjected to log-linear modeling and adjustment to minimize potential confounding effects and allow direct comparison of injury rates between children using child restraints, children using seat-belts, and unrestrained children.
- See also Rept. No. 5, PB81-152233.
Center for the Environment and Man, Incorporated275 Windsor Street
Hartford, CT United States 06120
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Knoop, J C
- Costenoble, K
- Ball, J T
- Northrop, G M
- Publication Date: 1980
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 162 p.
- TRT Terms: Child restraint systems; Children; Constraints; Crash injury research; Crash reports; Crashes; Data analysis; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Mathematical analysis; Mathematical models; Measures of effectiveness; Research; Safety equipment; Seats; Standards; Statistical analysis; Traffic crashes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness; Models; Motor vehicle accidents
- Subject Areas: Data and Information Technology; Highways; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I81: Accident Statistics; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 00329013
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: CEM-4254-675 Final Rpt., HS-805 660
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-8-02014
- Files: HSL, NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: May 21 1982 12:00AM