PLANNING AND DESIGNING A TRANSIT CENTER BASED TRANSIT SYSTEM: GUIDELINES AND EXAMPLES FROM CASE STUDIES IN TWENTY-TWO CITIES

The purpose of this report is to examine the transit center concept to determine if and how it might be applied in American cities to provide more efficient and effective transit service on an areawide basis. Transit centers are interchange facilities that will be typically located in suburban areas at or near major activity centers and will serve as focal points for high levels of local, radial, and circumferential transit service. Bus/bus, bus/rail, and auto/rail transfers will occur there. In this report, present metropolitan travel patterns in American cities are examined. The inability of highly downtown-focused transit networks to meet metropolitan travel needs in American cities is discussed. In addition, the grid network approach to route planning is critiqued. A planning framework, consisting of 10 steps and designed to aid planners design transit centers, is presented. Each step of the process is illustrated with examples from 22 case studies which include four Canadian, one Indian, and one West German city. Abstracts of the case studies are included in Appendix A of this report. Regional shopping centers are suggested to be ideal sites for transit center locations. The transit center oriented network is assessed critically from an operational, financial, and political perspective. Sixty-two examples of areawide plans, location and design criteria, the physical design of downtown, freeway and suburban off-street transit centers and cost estimates are presented.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Washington, Seattle

    Urban Transportation Program
    Seattle, WA  USA  98195

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Schneider, J B
    • Smith, S P
    • Thompson, P D
    • Heid, J L
    • Ng, I W
  • Publication Date: 1980-9

Media Info

  • Pagination: 133 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00328969
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-WA-11-0007-81-1
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: May 21 1982 12:00AM