A data-parallel many-source shortest-path algorithm to accelerate macroscopic transport network assignment

The performance and scalability of macroscopic assignment and simulation software limits the quantity, scale and complexity of simulations of transport networks that are used to aid the planning, design and operation of transport systems. Through the application of many-core processing architectures (such as Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)) and data-parallel algorithms, the performance of such software can be dramatically increased. In this paper, a work-efficient, Multiple Source Shortest Path (MSSP) implementation of the Bellman-Ford algorithm is proposed to dramatically increase the performance of shortest path calculations for low-density high-diameter graphs, which are characteristic of transportation networks. This is achieved through the use of an Origin-Vertex Frontier to increase the level of parallelism within the shortest path algorithm for multiple source vertices in low-density graphs, when executed on GPUs. The algorithm is implemented within the SATURN transport simulation software and benchmarked on a range of real-world transportation networks. The authors' algorithm improves hardware utilisation of massively-parallel GPUs; demonstrating performance improvements of up to 7.8x over a multi-core CPU (Central Processing Unit) implementation.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01707596
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 29 2019 3:05PM