Detailed characterization of particulate matter emitted by lean-burn gasoline direct injection engine

This study presents detailed characterization of the chemical and physical properties of particulate matter emitted by a 2.0-L BMW lean-burn turbocharged gasoline direct injection engine operated under a number of combustion strategies that include lean homogeneous, lean stratified, stoichiometric, and fuel-rich conditions. We characterized particulate matter number concentrations, size distributions, and the size, mass, compositions, and effective density of fractal and compact individual exhaust particles. For the fractal particles, these measurements yielded fractal dimension, average diameter of primary spherules, and number of spherules, void fraction, and dynamic shape factors as function of particle size. Overall, the particulate matter properties were shown to vary significantly with engine operation condition. Lean stratified operation yielded the most diesel-like size distribution and the largest particulate matter number and mass concentrations, with nearly all particles being fractal agglomerates composed of elemental carbon with small amounts of ash and organics. In contrast, stoichiometric operation yielded a larger fraction of ash particles, especially at low speed and low load. Three distinct forms of ash particles were observed, with their fractions strongly dependent on engine operating conditions: sub-50?nm ash particles, abundant at low speed and low load, ash-containing fractal particles, and large compact ash particles that significantly contribute to particulate matter mass loadings.

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    • © IMechE 2016.
  • Authors:
    • Zelenyuk, Alla
    • Wilson, Jacqueline
    • Imre, Dan
    • Stewart, Mark
    • Muntean, George
    • Storey, John
    • Prikhodko, Vitaly
    • Lewis, Samuel
    • Eibl, Mary
    • Parks, Jim
  • Publication Date: 2017-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 560-572
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01717359
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:57PM