Prediction of the acoustic shielding by aircraft empennage for contra-rotating open rotors

This paper presents a numerical study of the acoustic shielding of aeroengine noise by the aircraft structure. More specifically, the engines considered are contra-rotating open rotors in pusher mode which are installed at the rear of the aircraft. Several empennage designs and engine positions are evaluated. An original method for the calculation of engine noise installation effects is presented and its application to contra-rotating open rotor propulsion is demonstrated. It is based on the weak coupling between computational fluid dynamics, an integral method based on Lighthill’s analogy for the calculation of acoustic radiation, and on a boundary element method for the calculation of the acoustic diffraction by the aircraft fuselage and empennage. The prediction of a pylon-installed (isolated) contra-rotating open rotor noise directivity is presented and compared to equivalent wind-tunnel measurements. In both cases, the simulation and experiment are performed at 1:7 scale. In addition, the installation effect of the wind-tunnel, being non-anechoic, is also assessed with the numerical approach presented. Finally, for each aircraft configuration of interest, equipped with two rear contra-rotating open rotors, the predicted noise impact on the ground is evaluated. Of these, the contra-rotating open rotor mounted above an L-tail empennage is found to be the most beneficial configuration in terms of acoustic shielding.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01711726
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:57PM