Directivity and intermittency in the nearfield of a Mach 1.3 jet

Local fluctuations in a Mach 1.3 cold jet are tracked to understand the genesis of nearfield directivity and intermittency. A newly developed approach leveraging two synchronized large-eddy simulations is employed to solve the forced Navier–Stokes equations, linearized about the evolving unsteady base flow. The results are summarized by exposing the effect of two acoustically significant turbulent regions: the lip-line and core collapse location. The near-acoustic field displays the clear signature of the two regions. However, for both regions, the nearfield evolution of the perturbation field is characterized by generation of intermittent wavepackets, which propagate into the near-acoustic field and gradually acquire their expected broadband and narrowband characteristics at sideline and downstream angles respectively. The simulations elucidate how higher frequencies are obtained in the sideline directions as lower frequencies are filtered out of the forcing fluctuations. Likewise, shallow-angle acoustic signals arise through filtering of high frequency content in that direction. The directivity and intermittency are connected to the filtering of scales by jet turbulence with empirical mode decomposition. The observations highlight the gradual evolution of seemingly random core turbulence into well-defined intermittent wavepackets in the nearfield of the jet. The manner in which centerline fluctuations are segregated into upstream, sideline, and downstream components is examined through narrowband correlations. A similar analysis for the lipline contribution shows primarily upstream and downstream patterns because of the larger structures in the shear layer.

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01722637
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:54PM