Grid sensitivity of flow field and noise of high-Reynolds-number jets computed by large-eddy simulation

Three isothermal round jets at a Mach number of 0.9 and a diameter-based Reynolds number of 10⁵ are computed by large-eddy simulation using four different meshes in order to investigate the grid sensitivity of the jet flow field and noise. The jets correspond to two initially fully laminar jets and one initially strongly disturbed jet considered in previous numerical studies. At the exit of a pipe nozzle of radius r₀, they exhibit laminar boundary-layer mean-velocity profiles of thickness 0.2r₀, 0.025r₀,and 0.15r₀, respectively. For the third jet, a peak turbulence intensity close to 9% is also imposed by forcing the boundary layer in the nozzle. The grids contain up to one billion points, and, compared to the grids used in previous simulations, they are finer in the axial direction downstream of the nozzle and in the radial direction on the jet axis and in the outer region of the mixing layers. The main flow field and noise characteristics given by the simulations, including the mixing-layer thickness, the centerline mean velocity, the turbulence intensities on the nozzle lip line and the jet axis, spectra of velocity and far-field pressure obtained from the jet near field by solving the isentropic linearized Euler equations, are presented. With respect to those from previous studies, the results are very similar for the initially laminar jet with thick boundary layers, but they differ significantly for the initially laminar jet with thin boundary layers and for the initially disturbed jet. For the latter two jets, using a finer grid leads to a faster flow development, to higher turbulence intensities in the shear layers and at the end of the potential core, to stronger large-scale structures, and to the generation of more low-frequency noise. Moreover, very small mesh spacings appear to be necessary all along the jet mixing layers, and in particular during their early stages of growth, to properly capture the formation and dynamics of the flow coherent structures and thus obtain results in good agreement with measurements available for high-Reynolds-number jets.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01746930
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:54PM