Measurement, analysis and modeling of centrifugal compressor flow for low pressure ratios

Increasingly stringent emission legislation combined with consumer performance demands has driven the development of downsized engines with complex turbocharger arrangements. To handle the complexity, model-based methods have become a standard tool, and these methods need models that are capable of describing all operating modes of the systems. The models should also be easily parametrized and enable extrapolation. Both single- and multi-stage turbo systems can operate with a pressure drop over their compressors, both stationary and transient. The focus here is to develop models that can describe centrifugal compressors that operate in both normal region and restriction region from standstill to maximum speed. The modeling results rely on an analysis of 305 automotive compressor maps, whereof five contain measured restriction operation and two contain measured standstill characteristic. A standstill compressor is shown to choke at a pressure ratio of approximately 0.5, and the corresponding choking corrected mass flow being approximately 50% of the compressor maximum flow capacity. Both choking pressure ratio and flow are then shown to increase with corrected speed, and the choking pressure ratio is shown to occur at pressure ratios larger than unity for higher speeds. Simple empirical models are proposed and shown to be able to describe high flow and pressure ratios down to choking conditions well. A novel compressor flow model is proposed and validated to capture the high flow asymptote well, for speeds from standstill up to maximum.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 153-168
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01715770
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:53PM