Empirical investigation of spark-ignited flame-initiation cycle-to-cycle variability in a homogeneous charge reciprocating engine

This experimental study investigates the flame-initiation period variability in the spark-ignited homogeneous charge third-generation transparent combustion chamber optical engine. The engine was operated with lean, rich, and stoichiometric, propane and methane, with and without nitrogen dilution. These operating conditions were chosen to systematically change the unstretched laminar flame velocity and the Markstein number. Traditional pressure measures, apparent heat release analysis, particle image velocimetry, and OH* flame imaging were used to generate over 400 metrics for 750 cycles at each of the 34 tests at 11 operating conditions. A multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify the parameters important to the variability of the crank angle at 10% fuel mass fraction burned but could not reveal physical mechanisms or cause and effect. The analysis here revealed that the combustion-phasing cycle-to-cycle variability is established by the time of the notional laminar-to-turbulent flame transition that occurs by 1% mass burn fraction, measured here from the flame image growth. Both the Markstein number and stretched laminar flame speed were found to be important. The velocity magnitude and direction were found to correlate with fast and slow 10% fuel mass fraction burned as found in early literature. It was also revealed that the shear strength, a property of the strain rate tensor at the scales resolved here (1 mm), deserves further investigation as a possible effect on 10% fuel mass fraction burned.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 491-508
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01713908
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:49PM