Effects of refinery stream gasoline property variation on the auto-ignition quality of a fuel and homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion

The combination of in-cylinder thermal environment and fuel ignition properties plays a critical role in the homogeneous charge compression ignition engine combustion process. The properties of fuels available in the automotive market vary considerably and display different auto-ignition behaviors for the same intake charge conditions. Thus, in order for homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) technology to become practically viable, it is necessary to characterize the impact of differences in fuel properties as a source of ignition/combustion variability. To quantify the differences, 15 gasolines composed of blends made from refinery streams were investigated in a single-cylinder homogeneous charge compression ignition engine. The properties of the refinery stream blends were varied according to research octane number, sensitivity (S = research octane number − motor octane number) and volumetric contents of aromatics and olefins. Nine fuels contained 10% ethanol by volume, and six more were blended with 20% ethanol. Pure ethanol (E100) and an un-oxygenated baseline fuel (RD3-87) were included too. For each fuel, a sweep of intake temperature at a consistent load and engine speed was conducted, and the combustion phasing given by the crank angle of 50% mass fraction burned was tracked to assess the sensitivity of auto-ignition to fuel chemical kinetics. The experimental results provided a wealth of information for predicting the HCCI combustion phasing from the given properties of a fuel. In this study, the original octane index correlation proposed by Kalghatgi based solely on fuel research octane number and motor octane number was found to be insufficient for characterizing homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion of refinery stream fuels. A new correlation was developed for estimation of auto-ignition properties of practical fuels in the typical HCCI engine. Fuel composition, captured by terms indicating the fraction of aromatics, olefins, saturates and ethanol, was added to generate the following formula: OIjkz = RON − K ′ · S + κ · (Aromatics²) (Olefins + Saturates) + ε · (Aromatics · Ethanol). The results indicate a significantly improved estimation of combustion phasing for gasoline fuels of varying chemical composition under low-temperature combustion conditions. Quantitative findings of this investigation and the new octane index correlation can be used for designing robust HCCI control strategies, capable of handling the wide spectrum of fuel chemical compositions found in pump gasoline.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 226-239
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01713945
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 4:48PM