THE FUNDAMENTAL FACTORS INCLUENCING THE BEHAVIOUR OF WELDED STRUCTURES UNDER CONDITIONS OF MULTIAXIAL STRESS, AND VARIATIONS OF TEMPERATURE, STRESS CONCENTRATION, AND RATES OF STRAIN
An investigation was made to determine the dependence of zones of low ductility in weldments upon the steel and upon the welding conditions and heat treatment. The ductility was evaluated by means of eccentric notch-bar tension tests conducted at various low temperatures. A zone of low ductility was found in two low carbon ship plate steels at a distance of 0.3 - 0.4 in from the weld centerline when the weldments were made with 100F preheat and interpass temperature. A 400F preheat and interpass temperature improved the ductility in the critical zone, lowering the transition temperature from -20F to -45F. A 1100F postheat practically eliminated the zone of lowered ductility, the transition temperature being lowered to -70F. Temperature measurements made during welding showed that the embrittled region was not heated above the lower critical temperature. No change in microstructure could be noted between the critical zone and the unaffected base plate. Microhardness tests showed only slight hardening in the embrittled region. The occurrence of the embrittled region is thought to be due to some subcritical temperature phenomena which may be the supersaturation and precipitation of carbon or carbides from the alpha phase. (Author)
- See also AD-635 762.
Case Western Reserve UniversityCase Institute of Technology
Cleveland, OH United States 44106
- Klingler, L J
- Ebert, L J
- Baldwin Jr, W M
- Publication Date: 1949-11-28
- Pagination: 58 p.
- TRT Terms: Alloys; Ductility; Heat affected zone (Metals); Hulls; Materials tests; Merchant vessels; Metal heating; Microstructure; Steel; Stresses; Transition point; Weld tests; Welding; Welds
- Identifier Terms: Ship Structure Committee
- Uncontrolled Terms: Heat treatment; Ship hulls; Stress concentration
- Old TRIS Terms: Carbon alloys; Ship plates; Steel testing; Weld ductility
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Materials;
- Accession Number: 00327704
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: SSC- 34 Tech Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: NOBS-4570, NOBS-50148
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 18 1981 12:00AM