Road Risk Behaviors: Pedestrian Experiences

The objective of this study was to identify pedestrian risk behaviors that result in traffic accidents and characterization of the accidents experienced by participants in this study to provide information for the generation of integral preventive strategies. The study was correlational, descriptive, and transversal and followed a quantitative approach divided into 2 stages. In the first stage, an observational study was performed to identify the manifested risk behaviors of pedestrians, which served as a basis for the construction and design of a questionnaire. In the second stage, the questionnaire was applied to a group of 1,536 participants. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was applied to establish associations between gender and age with respect to risk behaviors. The 3 behaviors that participants reported performing always or very often include using electronic gadgets (except mobile phones), not using a pedestrian crosswalk, and using a mobile phone. In addition, 18.5% were involved in at least one road accident as a pedestrian in the last 5 years. Of the total number of registered accidents, 21% resulted in pedestrian injuries, 48.3% of which were serious. These were due to external causes not related to human factors or unidentified (58.5%) and behavior factors as a whole (41.4%, 31.5% of which were caused by pedestrians). Pearson’s correlation coefficient showed evidence of a correlation between age and risk behaviors. All subjects in this study performed several risky actions as pedestrians, at least occasionally, and at least one fifth had been involved in a road accident as a pedestrian. It is known that the surroundings can positively or negatively influence individuals’ behaviors; therefore, once prevention measures are identified, it is possible to influence risk behaviors. Therefore, road safety education and the physical environment must be considered together, and efforts focused on optimum infrastructure also need to consider road safety education.

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    • © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
  • Authors:
    • Narváez, Yolanda Velázquez
    • Sierra, Víctor Parra
    • Cárdenas, Fabiola Peña
    • Ramos, Lucía Ruíz
    • González, Benito Zamorano
    • Martínez, José Ignacio Vargas
    • Aranda, Oscar Monreal
  • Publication Date: 2019-3

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01712578
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 24 2019 3:00PM