INVESTIGATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF CHILD RESTRAINTS IN SERIOUS CRASHES
The purpose of the project was to investigate the performance of child restraints in actual crashes. These cases are described in detail, and evaluations of the effectiveness of specific child restraints, used in specific ways in these crashes, are made. Two of the crashes were judged to be close in crash configuration and severity to laboratory dynamic test conditions. Conclusions of the study are as follows: (1) severe frontal crashes in which a child is properly harnessed in a properly secured child restraint are rare events; (2) child restraints that only meet static test criteria provide some injury protection in less severe crashes; (3) child restraints that meet dynamic test criteria provide excellent injury protection when used properly and still provide adequate protection in some misuse modes; and (4) further work is needed with respect to both vehicle structures and child restraint design to provide better side impact protection for children.
Highway Safety Research InstituteHuron Parkway and Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI United States 48109
Arlington, VA United States 22201
- Melvin, J W
- Weber, K
- Lux, P
- Publication Date: 1980-5
- Pagination: 66 p.
- TRT Terms: Child restraint systems; Children; Crash investigation; Economic efficiency; Evaluation; Injuries; Injury severity; Measures of effectiveness; Protection; Safety equipment; Traffic crashes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness; Efficiency; Motor vehicle accidents; Severity
- Subject Areas: Economics; Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; Vehicles and Equipment; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 00326165
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSRI-80-12 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 19 1981 12:00AM