LOW SPEED CONTROLLABILITY OF SHIPS IN WIND

Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic data for the Mariner-class vessel, gathered in earlier experiments, were used to forumlate a mathematical model representing the dynamic behavior of ships in wind. A digital computer was used to solve the eigenvalues of the system. Perturbation equations were linearized, with respect to equilibrium conditions from nonlinear equations of motion. In addition, ship trajectory in certain wind conditions was examined by means of numerical solutions of the nonlinear equations of motion. Results indicate that the ship in bow wind tends, even without an autopilot system, to maintain its original course--with perturbation in yaw inducing yaw oscillations, the convergence of which depends upon the magnitude of relative wind velocity. It is shown that beam wind creates greater difficulties, although the use of an adequate autopilot increases the region of stability in wind of certain velocities (except in some conditions of relative strong beam wind). An increase in rudder size is shown to improve controllability in wind significantly. Computations with and without the assumption of constant longitudinal speed indicate that the effect of surge motion on yaw and sway responses in wind is important, especially in beam wind.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers

    601 Pavonia Avenue
    Jersey City, NJ  United States  07306-2907
  • Authors:
    • Eda, H
  • Publication Date: 1968

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00323575
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Stevens Institute of Technology
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 12 1981 12:00AM