MANAGING PEAK PERIOD TRANSIT DEMAND IN LOS ANGELES

This paper discusses cost and fare structure analysis at the Southern California Rapid Transit District, where in-depth studies of cost and fares have recently been performed. It has been found that off-peak fares tended to subsidize peak-hour service, particularly the express buses using the freeway. To compensate for this, a surcharge is added to the peak hour fare, while the express service utilizes a graduated fare system. A flat fare is retained for local service. The worst single inefficiency of the peak is having to run buses in two directions for travel in one direction. This imbalance has been eased somewhat by the increasing suburbanization of employment. Where reverse commutes are possible, ridership has grown spontaneously. Where the imbalance persists, load-shedding (i.e. actually encouraging car-or vanpool to relieve bus overcrowding) is recommended. Where peak occur at different times on different lines, some efficiency is gained through interlining. Other possibilities being explored include more sophisticated data collection and analysis, better means of tying costs and revenues to units of service provided, use of part-time drivers, automatic passenger counting and vehicle monitoring, and increasing computerization of scheduling process.

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 57-63

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00324469
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM