Model predictive control–based approach for assist wheel control of a multi-axle crane to improve steering efficiency and dynamic stability

This research deals with assist wheel control to improve the steering efficiency and dynamic stability of the multi-axle crane based on model predictive control. Since multi-axle crane has relatively high inertia and long distance between the axles, it has slow dynamic response, and thus, different steering strategies according to driving speed intervals are required. Specifically, the steering strategy is that the number of wheels fixed mechanically increases to secure dynamic stability as the driving speed increases. However, although this strategy enables to secure stability by slowing down the dynamic response, it also has a weakness to decrease the steering efficiency. If the steering efficiency is decreased, it may result in augmenting an accident rate due to an increase in driver’s fatigue. Therefore, this study suggests a new steering strategy to improve the steering efficiency by simultaneously guaranteeing dynamic stability. The suggested steering control algorithm can enhance both steering efficiency and stability by deriving an assist wheel control input based on model predictive control using a variable weighting factor derived from the driver’s steering input (steering angle on the first axle). Development and performance evaluation of the suggested algorithm were conducted in the MATLAB/Simulink environment, and evaluation results confirmed that the developed algorithm could both enhance the driver’s steering efficiency and secure dynamic stability.


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  • Accession Number: 01710906
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 17 2019 3:06PM