Yaw-Control Efficiency Analysis for a Diamond Wing Configuration with Outboard Split Flaps

The yaw-control device of a low-aspect ratio flying wing with diamond-shaped wing planform is investigated. Extensive low-speed wind tunnel experiments have been carried out to obtain surface pressure data and the aerodynamic forces and moments of the configuration for six different flap deflection angles at varying angles of attack and sideslip. Complementary unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes simulations are performed for selected configurations. The experimental data is used to examine the validity of the numerical results. The analysis is focused on the aerodynamic coefficients and derivatives. Yaw-control effectiveness, yaw-control efficiency, crosswind landing capabilities and coupling effects are discussed. The results show sufficient yaw-control effectiveness and efficiency for a wide range of considered freestream conditions. The outboard flap exhibits a non-linear characteristic with respect to the flap deflection angle and freestream conditions. The efficiency is considerably reduced at high angles of attack due to large-scale flow separation in the wing outboard section. Non-linear coupling effects with the rolling moment become obvious for moderate to large flap deflections over the whole angle of attack polar. The numerical results show good agreement with the experimental data in the surface pressure distributions and longitudinal aerodynamic coefficients. The yawing moment is overpredicted by numerical simulations for large flap deflection angles.


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  • Accession Number: 01709054
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 9 2019 3:19PM