An empirical strength criterion for rocks and rock masses is proposed. The nonlinear criterion includes the uniaxial compressive strength of the intact rock material and introduces two dimensionless parameters, m and s. The parameter m varies with rock type, the angle of interblock or interparticle friction and the degree of block or particle interlock. The parameter s varies from 1.0 for intact rock material to zero for granular aggregates and depends on the interparticle tensile strength and the degree of interlock within the rock mass. For anisotropic rock, both m and s vary with the orientations of the planes of weakness to the principal stress directions. Approximate relationships between rock type, rock mass quality indices, and the rock mass strength parameters m and s, are presented. These relationships have been found useful in preliminary design calculations for slopes and underground excavations in jointed rock. (ASCE)

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00322657
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ASCE 15715
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 12 1981 12:00AM