Delegation of Federal Aviation Administration Certification Authorities to Aviation Manufacturers

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certifies pilots, aircraft, and aircraft components, as well as airlines and charter flight operators. It requires that aircraft and component design specifications meet safety standards and comply with regulatory requirements. Once an aircraft design is type certified, a manufacturer must demonstrate that it can reliably reproduce that aircraft type to receive production certification to build deliverable aircraft. Every aircraft manufactured must undergo examinations, inspections, and tests to determine that it conforms to the certified type design and meets airworthiness standards before it receives airworthiness certification and can begin routine operations for an airline or other operator. Since its beginnings in the 1950s, FAA has allowed aircraft and aircraft component manufacturers to conduct certain certification functions on its behalf, including some type certification and production certification activities as well as most airworthiness certification activities. Recently, FAA began certifying private entities that design and build production aircraft and aircraft parts under a formal framework allowing qualified companies to conduct certification work on behalf of FAA with limited supervision and direct oversight by FAA. This publication discusses the delegation of FAA certification authorities to aviation manufacturers, including how several Boeing 737 MAX crashes have raised certification concerns; FAA delegation authority; Organization Designation Authorization (ODA); FAA’s integrated oversight philosophy; and challenges to FAA design and manufacturing oversight.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 3p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01704626
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: IF11145
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 9 2019 2:25PM