CHILD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS. AN INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENT FACTORS

With the aim of examining accident factors in detail, 124 children aged 0-14 years were investigated; these comprised 90,5% of all children in the Odense are a who in 1974 collided with a motor vehicle either as pedestrian or cyclist, and were seen at the Casualty Ward, Odense University Hospital. There were 82 boys and 42 girls, 64 cyclists and 60 pedestrians. 56,6% of accidents occurred in residential areas on roads with light traffic. 58% of bicycle accidents occurred at junctions, 61% of pedestrian accidents on a straight stretch of road. In 76,6% of pedestrian accidents the child suddenly ran out into the road. 42% of accidents occurred on the way home, only 21% occurred on the way from home. 19,8% of accidents involving school-age children occurred on the way to or from school. In 49,2% of accidents the child was accompanied by other children, and only in 10,5% of accidents by an adult. The majority of pedestrians aged 5 or over and the majority of cyclists aged 7 or over had been given permission to go alone in traffic. Playing was found to be a factor in 9,7% of the accidents. The most common accident situation for pedestrians was found to be stepping out in front of or from behind a parked car; for cyclists: left-hand turn in front of oncoming vehicle (Denmark has right-hand traffic). The most important single accident factor was perception-hindering elements: hedges, parked cars, etc., were causal factors in 38,7% of accidents. (TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Almqvist and Wiksell International

    Gamla Brogatan 15-17, P.O. Box 62
    S-101 20 Stockholm,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Wallin, J A
  • Publication Date: 1979

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 143-159
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00322492
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-030 261
  • Files: HSL, ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 15 2003 12:00AM