URBAN ACTIVITIES, TRAVEL, AND TIME: RELATIONSHIPS FROM NATIONAL TIME-USE SURVEY

Results are presented on how people allocate time for their out-of-home activities, including related travel. The information is derived from analyses of the daily activity patterns of urban residents recorded in a 1975 national time-use survey. The analyses indicate a variety of relationships between out-of-home activity time, travel time, and household variables for weekdays annd weekends. They also suggest broad out-of-home time budgets and travel-time budgets for households and persons. The detailed activity descriptions in the data base required considerable aggregation, the best results for which came from functional activity groupings rather than traditional land-use-based trip-purpose groupings. These functions were related to scheduling and planning characteristics of the activities as well as their potential for substitution of individual participants. The analyses do not substantiate the fixed daily work schedule assumed by some activity analyses. Rather, daily work time is quite variable, and this variability is a primary independent variable explaining allocation of time to other activities. The relationships between these activities and work time were strengthened by the inclusion of in-home work time, confirming that some in-home household activities will affect out-of-home behavior. (Author)

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 1-6
  • Monograph Title: Household activities, budget constraints, and stability of travel
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00322222
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309030609
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 19 1981 12:00AM