Effectiveness of Child Restraints and Booster Legislation in Israel

This study examined the association between Child Restraints and Booster Legislation (CRBL) in Israel, which took effect in 2004, and traffic injury and fatality rates in children aged 0 to 9 years. The authors used an interrupted time series design of kilometers-driven-based traffic injury rates for two groups of children (aged 0–4 years and aged 5–9 years); the group of children aged 10-14 years served as a comparison group. The study used monthly injury and fatality count data from the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, using all child passengers injured and killed in crashes in Israel (2003-2011). Results showed that children in the youngest age group experienced a 5.17% yearly reduction in traffic injury rate; the injury rate for children aged 5–9 years was associated with a 4.10% yearly reduction. Thus, there was an overall 6.3% reduction in traffic injuries and fatalities for children aged 0–9 years after the implementation of the CRBL. The authors include a discussion of the potential impact of concomitant traffic safety education, including that regarding the need to properly install child restraint devices.


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  • Accession Number: 01719499
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 25 2019 2:27PM