2007–2016 Fatal Traffic Crashes in Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, and Washington and Characteristics of Traffic Fatalities Involving Hawaiians and CSET Minorities

Data for this comparative study were collected from the Fatality Analysis and Reporting System (FARS) for the years 2007 to 2016 for the states of Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, and Washington. The rates of roadway fatalities, especially those of American Indians (which include Aleuts and Eskimos), Guamanians, Samoans, and Native Hawaiians (which include part-Hawaiians) were the focus of the study; they are referred to as “CSET Minorities” in this report; all other races are referred to as “All Others.” Three main contributing factors for fatal crashes—alcohol use, speeding, and non-usage of restraint—were analyzed for each population group. Center for Safety Equity in Transportation (CSET) states are lagging behind many countries in terms of traffic safety. Significant differences in the involvement of alcohol, speeding, and non-usage of restraint were indicated between CSET Minority fatalities and All Others. For all types of crashes examined, CSET Minorities exhibited statistically significant differences, nearly all of them being higher or worse than All Others, except for motorcycle crashes. In Hawaii, the proportion of Hawaiians in the population is steady at approximately 21%, but their proportion in FARS database is at 28% and rising. Aggregate data analysis of traffic fatalities focused on three rural, indigenous, tribal, and isolated (RITI) communities in Hawaii, the entire Big Island of Hawaii, and the rural communities of Waianae and Waimanalo on the island of Oahu. All three locations are known for their relatively large number of Hawaiians and part-Hawaiians. The percentage of Hawaiians in traffic fatalities was 32% on the Big Island, 50% in Waianae, and 78% in Waimanalo.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This document was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Hawaii, Manoa

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2540 Dole Street
    Honolulu, HI  United States  96822

    Center for Safety Equity in Transportation

    University of Alaska Fairbanks
    Fairbanks, AK  United States  99775

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Prevedouros, Panos D
    • Bhatta, Kishor
    • Miah, M Mintu
  • Publication Date: 2019-2-28

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Project Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 94p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01705745
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: INE/CSET 19.06
  • Files: UTC, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 25 2019 12:21PM