Feasibility study of a turbocharger rotor supported by air foil bearings with diameter of 17 mm focusing on rotordynamic performance

This paper presents the feasibility study of an oil-free turbocharger with journal bearing diameter of 17?mm. Rotordynamic performance of a turbocharger rotor, supported by two identical bump-type foil journal bearings and a pair of foil thrust bearings, is predicted and tested. High-pressure cold nitrogen is adopted to drive the turbocharger rotor. In rotordynamic analysis, the critical speeds and logarithmic decrement of the turbocharger rotor are predicted by employing the finite element method, in which the stiffness and damping coefficients of foil journal bearings and aerodynamic cross-coupled stiffness of the turbine are taken into account. Compared with experimental results, the accuracy of the prediction for rotordynamic analysis is verified for 7.82% marginal error of the critical speed. During the experiment, three foil journal bearings with different nominal clearances are manufactured and tested. The maximum stable operating speed reaches 105,000?r/min for this 17-mm-diameter oil-free turbocharger rotor system. Test results indicate the nominal clearance has a negative influence on threshold speed of sub-synchronous motions. When the nominal clearance is relatively small, the foil journal bearing could not lift off due to a large starting torque, while sub-synchronous motions would emerge under a large nominal clearance because of the reduced stiffness and damping coefficients of foil journal bearings.


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  • Accession Number: 01703442
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 19 2019 3:43PM