TENSILE STRENGTH AND ITS ANISOTROPY MEASURED BY POINT- AND LINE-LOADING OF SANDSTONE

ONDERZOEK NAAR VAKANTIES EN UITGAAN 1975. DEEL 1. DAGTOCHTEN VAN RECREATIEVE AARD

Tensile fracture is an ubiquitous feature of rock failure ranging in size from micro-fracture around Griffith cracks to the large-scale explosive failure accompanying rock bursts in underground cavities. Hence the resistance of rock to failure in tension, the tensile strength, is one of the fundamental parameters of rock strength. The tensile strength of rock is, however, a most elusive parameter which is difficult to measure and to define. The tensile strength, and its variation with direction, was determined by the point-loading and the line-loading (Brazilian test) methods for nine rocks from five sandstone formations in New Brunswick, Canada. Altogether 319 double point-load and 357 line-load tests were conducted on discs having a diameter of 22.9 mm and thickness of 7.9 mm. The tensile strength determined by the point-load test and as calculated by the Frocht formula was found to be consistently lower than that obtained by the line-loading technique. To some extent, the difference is due to the fact that most of the sandstones are anisotropic with respect to tensile strength and that the constraints in the point-load test are such that fracture occurs along the plane of minimum tensile strength; the computed tensile strength therefore represents a minimum value. To a greater extent, the lower tensile strength calculated from the point-load test is due to the difference in the states of stress induced by the two techniques. When correction is made for the anisotropy, the tensile strength from the Brazilian test is still 3.76 times larger than the one obtained from the point-load test. The Brazilian test seems to yield a more accurate definition of both the tensile strength and its variation with direction. The point-load test is more suitable for the determination of the minimum value of tensile strength and the direction of the preferred fracture plane.(a) (TRRL)

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    Radarweg 29
    Amsterdam,   Netherlands  1043 NX
  • Authors:
    • LAJTAI, E Z
  • Publication Date: 1980-3

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 163-171
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00319567
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 6 1981 12:00AM