INITIAL REACTIONS TO A CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BUS TRANSIT MALL IN HONOLULU

The city and county of Honolulu have recently adopted a plan designed to eventually convert a central business district street to a bus transit mall. The first phase of the plan, which was the imposition of turning restrictions on private automobiles, was implemented in February 1979. This paper presents the results of a study that investigated the reactions of the daytime population of the central business district toward the mall and that population's perceptions of the mall's impact on congestion, noise, air quality, safety, convenience, speed, pedestrian circulation, and the general downtown environment. The study was based on an interview survey administered to 170 persons. The major findings of the study were as follows. The mall has caused 26 percent of the automobile users to change their circulation patterns. All factors examined were thought to be enhanced by the mall. Chi-square tests showed that, at the 0.05 level, purpose and arrival time explain the perceptions of congestion and safety impacts but in different ways; mode of travel strongly affects the experience of convenience and speed; the vast majority (85 percent) of the respondents were favorably disposed toward the mall concept. These findings should be useful to urban transportation planners and decision makers because they may represent a shifting of public attitudes toward favoring the preferential treatment of high-occupancy vehicles, in general, and urban bus systems, in particular. (Author)

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 43-47
  • Monograph Title: Bus transit management and performance
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00319340
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309030552
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 27 1981 12:00AM