INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN CRITICAL TENDENCIES AND NOISE ANNOYANCE

Results of a survey (n = 163) in a physically homogeneous neighborhood revealed substantial differences among individuals in their evaluations of the neighborhood's environmental quality. These individual differences were consistent across topics. In other words, some residents tended to give consistently positive ratings of noise, privacy, air quality, neighborhood amenities, and general neighborhood satisfaction, whereas others tended to give more negative ratings in all categories. This variation among individuals in the tendency to give negative evaluations was termed the critical-uncritical dimension. An individual's standing on this dimension explained 32% (R = 0.56) of the variability in annoyance reactions to neighborhood noise sources. A second interview of the same community residents (n = 131) was completed after a new highway through this community was opened to traffic. The results showed that the critical-uncritical dimension could be used to predict how these individuals would react to a new community noise problem. The correlation between a measure of critical tendencies which included no noise questions and highway noise annoyance assessed seven months later was 0.46, p = less than 0.001. Other analyses showed that people higher in critical tendencies gave more differentiated judgments than people who were less critical. Several interpretations of the critical-uncritical dimension were discussed. (TRRL)

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  • Accession Number: 00316913
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 27 1980 12:00AM