Operational Impacts of Protected-Permitted Right-Turn Phasing and Pavement Markings on Bicyclist Performance during Conflicts with Right-Turning Vehicles

Conflict between bicycles and right-turning vehicles on the approach to signalized intersections is a critical safety concern. To understand the operational implications of protected-permitted right-turn signal indications in conjunction with pavement markings on bicyclist performance, a full-scale bicycling simulator experiment was performed. Velocity and lateral position of bicyclists were evaluated during conflicts between bicycles and right-turning vehicles. A mixed factorial design was considered. Two within-subject factors were analyzed: the signal indication for right-turning vehicles with five levels (circular red, circular green, solid red arrow, solid green arrow, and flashing yellow arrow), and the pavement markings in the conflict area with two levels (white lane markings with no supplemental pavement color and white lane markings with solid green pavement applied in the conflict area). Additionally, the influence of gender as a between-subject variable was considered. Forty-eight participants (24 female) completed the experiment. Signal indications and pavement markings had statistically significant effects on bicyclist velocity and lateral position, but these effects varied at different factor levels. Additionally, during the conflicts, male participants were found to have higher velocity than female participants. This difference was not influenced by engineering treatments. The results provide guidance to transportation professionals about how traffic control devices could be applied to conflict areas on the approach to signalized intersections.


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  • Accession Number: 01701659
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-00784
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Feb 25 2019 10:50AM