Spinal cord injury resulting in paraplegia or quadriplegia is a chronic, devastating affliction, an irreversible injury primarily caused, at least in the United States, by motor vehicle crashes. Every aspect of a person's life is dramatically effected the moment a spinal cord injury (sci) is suffered; from a societal perspective, great economic loss results. This comprehensive cost-analysis of sci begins by explaining some basic economic concepts and its own approach. The incidence of motor vehicle related spinal cord injuries is examined through a selective overview, development of a model, comparison with the northern California incidence study, and examination of national estimates. Next, sci mortality trends, survival probabilities, and average life expectancies are described. The direct costs of sci are examined; these costs are emergency assistance, hospitalization, home modification, vocational rehabilitation, institutional and attendant care, medical equipment, drugs, rehospitalization, and miscellaneous. Indirect costs are the value of foregone activity, insurance administration, and legal and court costs. A summary briefly notes how motor vehicle injuries, hospital admissions, societal costs, direct costs, indirect costs, demographic trends, patient mortality, and the permanently impaired, interact in the problem. A glossary of terms, bibliography, and discussion of employment prospects of sci patients are included.

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00321111
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transportation Systems Center
  • Files: TSR
  • Created Date: Oct 30 1982 12:00AM