Roll aerodynamic characteristics study of an unmanned aerial vehicle based on circulation control technology

To explore the control efficiency of circulation flow control technology, a circulation control actuator with an independent gas source has been designed and applied in roll attitude control of a small unmanned aerial vehicle. The circulation control devices are arranged at the two ends of the wing on an unmanned aerial vehicle scale model, the changes in aerodynamic force and aerodynamic moment caused by turning on the actuator are measured in a wind tunnel, and the flow field characteristics are analysed using particle image velocimetry technology. The flight control effect of the roll attitude is verified via a flight test. Experimental and flight test results show that the control of roll attitude can be achieved by turning on the circulation control actuator on one side, and the maximum efficiency that the circulation control generates is equivalent to 8° aileron deflection with production of a favorable yaw moment to achieve a coordinated turn. The circulation control actuator can increase lift and reduce drag when opened on both sides simultaneously. The maximum lift-to-drag ratio of the UAV increased from 5 to 9, and this approach can also suppress flow separation and delay stall at high angles of attack. The aileron or trailing edge flaps can be replaced with circulation control actuators, and the circulation control technology can also be applied to aerodynamic performance improvement and flight control in other types of aircraft.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01702790
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 21 2019 4:37PM