Policy implications of liquefied natural gas use in heavy-duty vehicles: Examples in Canada and British Columbia

This study investigates the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from diesel- and liquefied natural gas-fueled (LNG) heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in the context of Canada and the province of British Columbia (BC) from 2014 to 2050. HDVs accounted for 18% and 11% of the 2014 GHG emissions from the transportation sector in Canada and BC, respectively. Different scenarios are analyzed using the GHGenius model and recent emissions measurements from LNG HDVs. The low emissions scenario of 1 gCH4/kgLNG indicates that LNG HDVs could reduce GHG emissions by 22% and 30% in Canada and BC, respectively. Also, the analysis shows that Canada’s and BC’s well-to-wheels (WTW) methane emissions should be maintained below 13 and 18 gCH4/kgLNG to produce less GHG emissions from LNG HDVs than their diesel counterparts. If WTW methane emissions are maintained at the current estimated rate of 26 gCH4/kgLNG, replacing diesel with LNG in HDVs would change GHG emissions from +1.7% to +24% for Canada, and from −8% to +16% for BC by 2050. Finally, the authors' study indicates that even methane emissions of 1 gCH4/kgLNG would not be enough to decrease GHG emissions of HDVs by 80% below 2005 levels by 2050 as is the target set by the Government of Canada and BC. However, LNG HDVs do reduce nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emissions. Policy makers could support LNG HDVs for immediate reductions of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, but should support methane emissions measurements and control campaigns, and other alternative fuels to meet the 80% GHG emission reduction target by 2050.


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  • Accession Number: 01695867
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 14 2019 3:07PM