Identification Determinant Variables of the Injury Severity Crashes at Road-Railway Level Crossing in Indonesia

Accident between road and railway traffic at the railway level crossings (RLCs) is a significant issue in developing countries, particularly in Indonesia. The Indonesia national traffic accident data (IRSMS) recorded approximately 900 accidents at RLCs between 2013 and 2016. In this study, access to 154 RLCs detailed accident records was completed. The number of accidents at RLCs in Indonesia is substantially high with a ratio of accidents and fatality accidents being 40.47 accidents/1,000 RLCs and 14.96 fatalities/1,000 RLCs, respectively, by comparison to the international standard. This paper adopts the ordered probit model for identifying the determinant variables of the injury severity crashes at various RLCs types (i.e., active and passive) and locations (i.e., urban and rural). The findings are as follows: rain will increase the risk of fatality; Power Two Wheelers have a high risk of fatalities in urban and less risk in rural passive RLCs; fatal accident crossing at RLCs occurs in the low traffic condition and dawn period; and finally, male drivers are more likely to be killed in the vehicles-train accidents in the RLCs. The recommendations are: First, to suggest the train authority to provide full length boom gate at both sides at the active RLC to reduce the chances for motorcyclists’ violating the boom gate from the other side of roads when the train is passing the level crossing. Second, all passive RLCs must be equipped with a warning siren, flashing light prior to train passing, and street light for improving alertness of drivers/riders during day and night as well as in peak or non-peak hours.


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  • Accession Number: 01704401
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 31 2019 3:21PM