Optimal Variable Speed Limit Control in Connected Autonomous Vehicle Environment for Relieving Freeway Congestion
This study presents an optimal variable speed limit (VSL) strategy in a connected autonomous vehicle (CAV) environment for a freeway corridor with multiple bottlenecks. The VSL control was developed by using an extended cell transmission model (CTM) which takes into account capacity decrease and mixed traffic flow, including traditional human-driven cars and heavy vehicles, and autonomous vehicles (AVs). A multiple-objective function was formulated which aims to improve the operational efficiency and smooth the speed transition. A genetic algorithm (GA) was adopted to solve the integrated VSL control problem. A real-world freeway stretch was selected to test the designed control framework. Sensitivity analyses were performed to investigate impacts of both the penetration rate of CAVs and communication range. Simulation performances demonstrated that the developed VSL control not only improves the overall efficiency but also reduces tailpipe emission rate. Simulation results also showed that the VSL control integrating vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and infrastructure-to-vehicle (I2V) communication outperforms the VSL control only. In addition, as the penetration rate of CAVs increases, better performance can be achieved.
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- © 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.
- Yu, Miao
- Fan, Wei "David"
- Publication Date: 2019-4
- Media Type: Web
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 04019007
- Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems
- Volume: 145
- Issue Number: 4
- Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
- ISSN: 2473-2907
- EISSN: 2473-2893
- Serial URL: http://ascelibrary.org/journal/jtepbs
- TRT Terms: Advanced vehicle control systems; Autonomous vehicles; Connected vehicles; Freeways; Genetic algorithms; Market penetration; Mobile communication systems; Traffic congestion; Variable speed limits; Vehicle mix
- Subject Areas: Data and Information Technology; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 01699016
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS, ASCE
- Created Date: Jan 31 2019 3:04PM