BEHAVIOR OF NON-COMPACTED HIGH STRENGTH BOLTED JOINTS

This investigation into the behavior of non-compacted high strength bolted joints included a total of 18 static and 54 fatigue tests of joints of varying geometry and degree of non-compaction. All tests were continued until failure of the joint; all joints were of a butt type utilizing double lap plates and 3/4" A325 high strength bolts. Non-compaction ranged from the fully compacted state up to 1/8" difference in thickness of connected plates. Non-compaction was observed to significantly reduce the load level at which joints slip into bearing. Ultimate static loads were not affected by non-compaction, however. Under repeated loads the joints tended to slip into bearing even though nominally designed as friction conections. Fatigue failures were observed to occur though the minimum net section, usually, though not always, in the lap plates. Fatigue life was often lower than expected, based upon AASHTO Category B criteria, if one assumed the joint would behave as a friction connection. When the actual behavior of the joint was taken into account, and stress level computations based on net rather than gross sections, the AASHTO criteria did not seem unreasonable. Based upon net sections, stresses in many of the joints approached and even exceeded yield, thus explaining the observed low fatigue lives. The greatest reduction in slip load was in the shorter non-compacted joints; those with two or three bolts/row only. It is recommended that non-compaction be accounted for in these types of joints if it is necessary to maintain a friction-type connection. Non-compaction would not seen to be significant for bearing type connections. (FHWA)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared in cooperation with DOT, FHWA.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Case Western Reserve University

    Department of Civil Engineering, 10900 Euclid Avenue
    Cleveland, OH  USA  44106-7201

    Ohio Department of Transportation

    25 South Front Street
    Columbus, OH  USA  43215
  • Authors:
    • Huckelbridge Jr, A A
    • Asante, K
    • Miller, C J
    • Burkhart, R A
  • Publication Date: 1980-3

Media Info

  • Pagination: 154 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00325368
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/OH-80/004 Final Rpt., FCP 45F2-312
  • Contract Numbers: 14308(0)
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM