Numerical Investigation of the Characteristics of Spray/Wall Interaction with Hybrid Breakup Model by Considering Nozzle Exit Turbulence

The spray/wall interaction plays a significant role on the mixture formation, combustion, and exhaust emissions. In the present study, the numerical code General Transport Equation Analysis (GTEA) is used to investigate the effect of fuel primary spray on the spray/wall interaction process. Taylor Analogy Breakup (TAB) model, Kelvin-Helmholtz-Rayleigh-Taylor (KH-RT) model, and Hybrid breakup (Hybrid) model are used to simulate the fuel spray process. By comparing the radius and height of the impinged spray, the performance of these breakup models is evaluated. Then, Bai and Gosman (BG) and Zhang and Jia (ZJ) spray/wall interaction models are implemented into GTEA code to describe the complicated spray/wall interaction process, and these interaction models are validated by the radius and height of the impinged spray and the size and velocity of the secondary droplets. The results indicate that the better levels of agreement between the experimental data and Hybrid breakup model are achieved than those of TAB and KH-RT breakup models under various conditions. The Hybrid breakup model incorporates the turbulence inside the nozzle in addition to aerodynamic breakup; the influence of inner nozzle flow on spray development can be captured. In addition, the inclusion of turbulence inside the nozzle enhances the fuel primary spray, leads to smaller momentum and size of incident droplets, decreases in radius and height of impinged spray, and then affects the tangential velocity and the sizes of the secondary droplet about 6-9% and 8-11%, respectively. This means that the flow inside the nozzle has an indirect effect on spray/wall interaction process. The results also indicate that the numerical predictions from the ZJ interaction model illustrate better agreements with experimental data than that of the BG interaction model, especially for cases with high injection pressure. Thus the ZJ spray/wall interaction model is more suitable for predicting the outcomes of the impinged spray.


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  • Accession Number: 01692083
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: SAE International
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 03-12-01-0003
  • Files: TRIS, SAE
  • Created Date: Jan 28 2019 11:31AM