An Analytical Approach to Derive Free Package Space Requirement for Pedestrian Head Form

Pedestrians are a vulnerable road user group, comprising 22% of global road traffic deaths [1]. In Japan, pedestrian fatalities accounted for 28% of total road fatalities and approximately 16% in Australia. These figures compare with 13% for the USA and 40-50% for India and Thailand [2]. Various pedestrian safety requirements are mandated in different markets in recent years worldwide. For pedestrian head-form, vehicle front-end styling and the free package space below bonnet plays a vital role in deciding the pedestrian head-form safety performance. Currently during initial phase of vehicle development, the free package space requirement is decided based on benchmark data. However, the benchmarking data does not give any insight into the physics involved and is subjective in nature as it varies from vehicle to vehicle. This paper gives an analytical approach for defining the free package space requirements for meeting the targeted pedestrian head form performance requirements. The analytically derived Head Injury Criteria Vs package space is also compared with physical test results. Using analytical approach, an ideal two-step Head-form decelerations waveform is also derived for effective use of available free package space. This information will be very useful for development of pedestrian performance requirements.


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  • Accession Number: 01695610
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: SAE International
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 2019-26-0013
  • Files: TRIS, SAE
  • Created Date: Jan 15 2019 11:11AM