Variable Signal Progression Bands for Transit Vehicles Under Dwell Time Uncertainty and Traffic Queues

Signal priority controls have long been viewed as one of the viable strategies to minimize bus delays at intersections so as to reduce the travel time variability or increase headway stability. Such control strategies, however, are often not effective for arterials serving heavy bus flows, because frequent signal priority calls will inevitably disrupt the arterial signal plan and incur excessive delays to general traffic. To overcome such deficiencies, this paper presents a bus-based signal progression model for arterials with heavy bus flows as in most major cities in Asia and Europe. The proposed model features its properties of accounting for the impacts of average bus dwell time, its variance, and the bus stop capacity. The impacts of various upstream traffic flow rates and signal plans on the available bus progression band have also been included in computing the optimal bus-progression offsets. Extensive simulation experiments have confirmed the effectiveness of the computed bus progression bands under various traffic congestion levels. The proposed bus-based pre-timed signal system can serve as a base plan for real-time operations of priority control for bus progression if the congestion level on the arterial or dwelling time variance as well as traffic queues have exceeded the operational capacity of the bus-based progression system.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01691655
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 27 2018 1:54PM