Current trends in motorcycle-related crash and injury risk in Australia by motorcycle type and attributes

The purpose of this study was to characterise current and future motorcycle related road trauma to guide effective safety interventions and future research. Police reported crash data for South Australia, Western Australia, Queensland, Victoria and New South Wales and registration data for Victoria and New South Wales for the years 2005 to 2014 were matched with Redbook model types and Road Vehicle Certification Scheme (RVCS) motorcycle characteristic data after decoding models from vehicle identification numbers. These data sources were combined to analyse trends by attributes for injury crashes, registered vehicles and crash rates per registered vehicle. Analysis also considered the odds of a fatal or serious injury outcome given involvement in an injury crash. A unique feature of the study was the ability to study factors affecting crash risk and injury outcomes for motorcyclists related to motorcycle type and other attributes including engine capacity and power to weight ratio. Crash rates and injury outcomes varied significantly by motorcycle type. Furthermore, those motorcycle types with the highest crash risk and highest risk of serious injury outcomes, namely sports motorcycles, are becoming more prevalent in the fleet, which is adversely affecting motorcycle safety. Further adverse effects on motorcycle safety are stemming from the trend to increasing power to weight ratio of newer motorcycles, which has shown a significant association with more severe injury outcomes in a crash. Analysis results also suggest that the effectiveness of the LAMS criteria could also be improved by considering motorcycle type in the restriction criteria. Suggested countermeasures include addressing motorcyclist conspicuity and vulnerability, reduced speed limits where appropriate in higher speed zones and remote areas, licensing and speed enforcement, vehicle safety technologies and motorcyclist focussed road infrastructure improvements.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Monash University. Accident Research Centre (MUARC)

    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Building 70, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia
    Clayton, Victoria   
  • Authors:
    • Budd, L
    • Allen, T
    • Newstead, S
  • Publication Date: 2018-11

Media Info

  • Pagination: 92p
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 336

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01688701
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 9781925413069
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 17 2018 12:25PM