Bottleneck Congestion and Work Starting Time Distribution Considering Household Travels

Flextime/Staggered work hours are practical approaches in travel demand management to reduce peak hour congestion. To better understand its barriers from wider application, previous researches in the literature have developed models of the work starting time choice considering both productivity effects and traffic congestion. However, most analytical studies assume that the trip purpose in peak hours is traveling to work only and do not consider the household travels. In fact, as one of the main reasons to adopt flextime, household travel (i.e., daycare drop-off/pick-up) plays an influential role in peak hour congestion and it can affect travelers’ decision making on work schedule. On this account, the authors incorporate the household travels into the work starting time choice model in this study and investigate the work choice and travel behavior of different groups’ commuters. Both short-run and long-run equilibrium are examined. Unlike literature, when considering household travels, the long-run equilibrium conditions become different as the case of all travelers adopting flextime can now be stable at equilibrium.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADB30 Standing Committee on Transportation Network Modeling.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

  • Authors:
    • Su, Qida
    • Wang, David Z W
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 27p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01698242
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-02437
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:49AM