Comparing the Travel Behavior Characteristics of Affordable and Market-Rate Apartment Residents in the Transit-Rich Neighborhoods of Denver, CO

Equitable transit-oriented development (ETOD) extends an increasingly accepted model for station-area growth by intentionally co-locating affordable housing and transit access in order to reduce these populations' aggregate housing and transportation costs. Local, regional, and state government agencies have enacted ETOD policies to promote this socially and fiscally vital land use / transportation nexus. This study focuses on Denver, CO, where numerous apartments have been built within a 10-min walk of Regional Transportation District rail stations. The objective of this research is to compare the travel behavior of the residents of low-income, mixed-income, and market-rate housing and discuss the implications of different developments on transit ridership by analyzing the data collected through a household survey distributed to 40 properties located within a 10-minute walk of a rail station. Due to limited time (the survey was distributed in May 2018 and data was available for analysis in July 2018), the analysis presented is mainly descriptive. Results indicate significant differences in mode choice between residents of affordable housing units and residents of market-rate units close to transit, with the latter predominantly using their personal vehicle as their main mode of transportation (65 percent of the respondents) while, on average, transit is used less than once a week. On the contrary, regarding the residents of affordable units, 52 percent of the respondents uses bus and/or rail as their main mode of transportation. These findings are useful to transit agencies that are planning for future joint development close to transit in order to increase ridership.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADD20 Standing Committee on Social and Economic Factors of Transportation.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

  • Authors:
    • Bardaka, Eleni
    • Hersey, John
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 5p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01698127
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-01458
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:46AM