Implementation and Investigation of a Weather- and Jam Density-tuned Network Perimeter Controller

This paper implements and evaluates the performance of a network fundamental diagram (NFD) proportional-integral perimeter controller (PC) using base tuned parameters (clear weather conditions and a base jam density of 160 veh/km/lane). The parameters were then re-tuned separately for different weather conditions and jam density values (reflecting different percentage of trucks), resulting in two new control methods: a weather-tuned perimeter controller (WTPC) and a jam density-tuned perimeter controller (JTPC). The WTPC was shown to outperform the no control strategy and the PC for different weather conditions. Specifically, the WTPC decreased the congestion inside the protected network (PN) and improved the overall performance of the full network (FN) by decreasing the average vehicle travel time, decreasing the vehicle total delay, increasing the average vehicle speed and decreasing the average vehicle fuel consumption. Alternatively, the JTPC was shown to perform similar to the PC for jam densities higher than the base-case jam density used in the PC (in this case 160 veh/km/lane). However, the JTPC outperformed the PC for smaller jam densities given that these smaller jam densities result in queues spilling back faster to upstream traffic signals. The results demonstrate the need to tune the controller to the actual jam density especially when the jam density decreases (e.g. trucks are introduced to the network).

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee AHB45 Standing Committee on Traffic Flow Theory and Characteristics.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Elouni, Maha
    • Rakha, Hesham
    • Bichiou, Youssef
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 7p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01698083
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-04765
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:45AM