Do Changes in Air Transportation Capacity Affect Productivity? Evidence from the Deregulation of Aviation in China

Air transport capacity expansions are often justified on the grounds that they will improve economic performance and induce growth. Such causal impacts are hard to identify empirically due to the fundamentally endogenous nature of the relationship between air transport and the economy. This paper contributes to the empirical literature on aviation-economy effects by conducting a case study of the impacts of air transportation activity on productivity in Chinese provinces. For exogenous variation the authors exploit a policy scenario created by the 2003 deregulation of the Chinese aviation sector, which was applied in all provinces of China except Beijing and Tibet. The authors find that this policy intervention resulted in substantial growth in air transport passengers and cargo. The authors estimate the causal effect of air transport on productivity by comparing GDP per employee in Tibet relative to a synthetic control region affected by the deregulation policy. The authors find a significant positive productivity effect from aviation expansion following the 2003 deregulation. Use of a differences-in-differences specification confirms this result

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADD10 Standing Committee on Transportation and Economic Development.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

  • Authors:
    • Carbo, Jose Manuel
    • Graham, Daniel J
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 17p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01697810
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-02999
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:38AM