Bus Holding Control of Running Buses in Time Windows

This work proposes a periodic bus holding control method where the bus holding times of all running trips are computed simultaneously within each optimization time period; thus, increasing the coordination among running buses to avoid bus bunching. The authors consider the adverse effects of the bus holding control on the in-vehicle travel times of on-board passengers and formulate holistic bus holding decisions by modeling the bus holding problem as a discrete, nonlinear, constrained optimization problem. Given the computational complexity of the bus holding problem, an alternating minimization approach is introduced for computing the optimal holding times at each optimization instance. The performance of the periodic control method is evaluated against the performance of event-based control methods using 5-month automated vehicle location and automated passenger count data from bus line 1 in Stockholm demonstrating an improvement potential of 5% for the in-vehicle travel times and 11% for the service regularity.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee AP050 Standing Committee on Bus Transit Systems.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

  • Authors:
    • Gkiotsalitis, Konstantinos
    • Cats, Oded
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 19p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01697631
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-00213
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:33AM