An empirical study of the travel choice behavior model based on the mental accounts theory

The new model applied in travel mode choice based on mental accounts theory proposed by Richard H. Thaler, 2017 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences,, was presented in this paper. The new model can solve the problems of describing the boundedly rational mode choice behavior involving multi-dimensional attributes, which is impossible for prospect theory. The most prominent contribution of this paper is to put forward a specific form of the model, which can be applied to traffic mode prediction practically. The research greatly expands the application scope of mental accounts theory. There are three main contributions to modeling. Firstly, the authors find that travelers adapt a topical account spontaneously as decision principle in the mode choice. Then, a form of value function suitable for this decision principle is proposed. Secondly, a reference point setting method corresponded to traveler habits and preferences is proposed. Thirdly, a clear expression of time weighting function was improved, which further validates the differences between time and cost preferences in travel decision-making. Moreover, the prediction accuracy of the new model is compared with other models. Under determined conditions (p=1), the Match Ratio of the new model is 70.1% greater than 57.4% of the multinomial logit (MNL) model. Under risk conditions (0<p<1), the Match Ratio of the new model is 58.9%, which is greater than 29% of the Prospect Theory model significantly.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADB10 Standing Committee on Traveler Behavior and Values.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Yang, Fei
    • Huang, Yihui
    • Jin, Peter J
    • Xie, Jun
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 5p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01697622
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-05346
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:33AM